D’argent à une aigle de gueules, au vol abaissé, membrée, becquée et couronnée d’or, empiétant une montagne de trois coupeaux de sable issant d’une mer d’azur mouvant de la pointe et ondée d’argent.

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About fife from Nice - The musical traditions from County of Nice (MTCN)Traditional music from County of Nice (France)
Traditional music from County of Nice, Provence, Piedmont, Occitany dins A lou fifre nissart - Li tradicioun musicali de la countéa de Nissa (MTCN)   Traditional music from County of Nice, Provence, Piedmont, Occitany dans Au fifre niçois - Les traditions musicales du comté de Nice (MTCN)  
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The musical traditions from County of Nice:
Music introduction - Cross-over
Popular songs - Animal songs - Racy songs - Work songs
Political, social and satirical songs - Contemporary songs
Carnival tunes - Circumstance tunes - Close couple dances - Characters dances - Farandole - Feasts - Round dances of May
Music for children
Chimes & knells - Sacred & religious music - Christmas carols


Brief survey of the traditional musics from the South of France:
The Occitany: Limoux’ carnival tunes

traditional musics county Nice, fife

De la musique avant toute chose...
(Music before any thing...)
Paul Verlaine, “Jadis et Naguère”, Art poétique (1884).


In almost totality of its repertory, the traditional music of the County is essentially tonale, regular, linear. Its monodic simplicity does not use either syncopation (excepted some rare exception, such Si laude Maria, or the more recent Gloria from Mossa), or rhythm rejection, or hemiola, or asymmetric measures.

The polyphony represents only a small part of the vocal music. It developed in a very simple shape, with two voices, in third parallel song. More rarely a bass to assure harmonic seat by a drone. Here, no melism or ornementation, as the Mediterranean polyphonies from Corsica or Sardinia spread them.

The music to be danced was exclusively instrumental, one did not dance at the sound of the voice. I do not know such “dance song”. On the other hand, the melodic instruments used do not produce important muscular fatigue at the musicians (contrary does the bombard, for instance), who can so play a tune in its totality, without the need of intermediate rest. So, the necessity of developing the antiphony was not felt, no more in vocal music than instrumental one. (There was very often in the village only a single fife player!) Therefore, one finds neither tiling nor hiccup technics.

This survey wouldn’t be complete if it didn’t mention the songs Georges Delrieu gives in the annex of his Anthologie de la Chanson Niçoise (Song of Nice-city anthology), under the Cansoun bruti (Dirty songs) classification. Nice inhabitants will appreciate...

© 2001-2017 Jean-Gabriel Maurandi.


The musical traditions from County of Nice:
Music introduction - Cross-over
Popular songs - Animal songs - Racy songs - Work songs
Political, social and satirical songs - Contemporary songs
Carnival tunes - Circumstance tunes - Close couple dances - Characters dances - Farandole - Feasts - Round dances of May
Music for children
Chimes & knells - Sacred & religious music - Christmas carols


Brief survey of the traditional musics from the South of France:
The Occitany: Limoux’ carnival tunes


traditional musics county Nice, fife

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